They were: by the terms of the British American Treaty, Britain recognized the independence of the United States with generous borders with Mississippi, but kept Canada. Access to the fishery in Newfoundland was guaranteed to the Americans, and navigation of the Mississippi was to be opened to both the United Kingdom and the United States. Creditors of both countries should be hampered in collecting their debts, and Congress should recommend that states treat American loyalists fairly and restore their confiscated property. (Some of these provisions are expected to give rise to difficulties and disputes in the future.) The treaty, signed by Franklin, Adams and Jay at the Hôtel d`York in Paris, was concluded on September 3, 1783 and ratified by the Continental Congress on January 14, 1784. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Amerindian War/Seven Years` War between Britain and France and their respective allies. In accordance with the terms of the treaty, France abandoned all its territories on the North American continent, thus effectively ending any foreign military threat to the British colonies there. . . .