It has made progress in rebuilding its political institutions and restoring its national sovereignty. The agreement also helped the country to establish a fairer political system, including giving Muslims a broader say in the political process. 2000-2005: The troop withdrawal component of the Taif Agreement has not been fully implemented, although ten years have passed since the signing of the agreement. On 24 May 2000, Israel completely withdrew its troops from southern Lebanon3. On 31 May 2000, Syria agreed that Israel`s withdrawal from Lebanon would be completed and adopted Resolution 425.4 After Israel`s withdrawal, Syria gradually withdrew some of its troops from Lebanon (five redistributions). However, in 2004, 20,000 Syrian soldiers were still deployed in Lebanon. The New York Times. October 22, 1990. Ali Jaber.
“The leader of a large Christian clan in Beirut is murdered with his family.” While after the ratification of the agreement by the Lebanese parliament on 4 November 1989, the country experienced some residual power, it gave the devastated country a certain appearance of order and political stability. The presence in Lebanon of the Hizb-Allah militia, the only armed group that refused to disband under the Taif agreement, is seen by Israel as a permanent threat to its own security, which in turn constitutes a permanent threat to Lebanon`s security, thus justifying the Syrian presence in the country. Mideast Spiegel. October 22, 1990. “Christians are terrorized by the Chamouns massacre,” p. 23. Over the past 15 years, Lebanon has been torn apart by civil war. Are the departure of General Michel Aoun and the implementation of the Taif agreement a sign of peace? Observers of the Lebanese conflict are cautiously optimistic. Although the continuation of the Taif process was a first step towards peace, the expulsion of General Aoun had a destabilizing effect, at least in the short term. As for the future of the Lebanese nation, it is inseparable from the Taif agreement, but also from factors as important as the influence of foreign powers, including Syria and Israel, and the outcome of the Gulf crisis. The New York Times. November 13, 1990.
Ali Jaber. “Lebanese division over the potential for peace.” The Lebanese system of political confessionalism (al-taifiyya al-siyasiyya) or political sectarianism was originally a response to a sociological and ideological challenge. A sectarian distribution of power had already been adopted under the Ottoman Empire, since the creation of the administrative region of Lebanon in the 19th century, in the heart of modern Lebanon. The system of government established after Lebanon`s civil war in 1860, the Mutasarrifiyya, as the agreement previously adopted to end the conflict of 1840, accepted the various religious sects as political actors. After 1860 and under the authority of an Ottoman Christian non-Arab governor, known as Mutasarrif, a board of directors was created, where seats were reserved for the six main religious sects in Lebanon, in proportion to their total number.1 Le Monde.